Diamond is the most concentrated form of pure carbon in the natural world and the strongest mineral on Earth, far exceeding other carbon allotropes such as graphite and fullerite. The secret to diamond's superior strength is found on the molecular level. Carbon atoms possess four valence electrons available for bonding. In diamond crystals, each of those four free electrons forms a covalent bond with a valence electron of a neighbouring carbon atom. Since all the free electrons are bonded uniformly, it creates a rigid tetrahedral lattice that gives the coveted mineral its prized properties.
Before a diamond reaches you, the consumer they need to undergo various examinations to determine their market values. Whilst there are many criteria’s which each diamond is measured against, there are 4 basic ones that are extremely important. These are the 4Cs; colour, clarity, cut, carat
A diamond's colour grade refers to the lack of colour. The more colourless the diamond, the higher quality grade it will receive.
Almost all diamonds have tiny imperfections. Diamonds with few or no imperfections receive the highest clarity grades.
The cut of a diamond determines its brilliance. In other words, the better a diamond is cut, the more sparkle it will have.
This is the term with which people are most familiar, but bear in mind that carat is specifically a measure of a diamond's weight.
Please Email us (Email) for more information